Figurative Language!

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Figurative Language! by Mind Map: Figurative Language!

1. Idioms

1.1. An expression that is usually meant to be taken figuratively (not literally).

1.2. Idioms are usually phrases that have been around for a long time and have cultural meaning.

1.3. These expressions usually sound outrageous and impossible, allowing us to understand that they are not literal.

1.4. Sorry, guys, I have to hit the hay now!

1.4.1. "Hit the hay" means to go to sleep.

1.5. Our plans are still up in the air.

1.5.1. "Up in the air" means the plans are still undecided.

1.6. That test was a piece of cake!

1.6.1. "Piece of cake" means easy.

1.7. It's a rule of thumb.

1.7.1. "Rule of thumb" means a non specific rule based on common sense.

2. Similies

2.1. A figure of speech used to compare two things that are unalike.

2.2. Never states that the two things are the same; just that they are similar.

2.3. Uses "LIKE" or "AS" to compare.

2.4. The house is as clean as a whistle.

2.5. My best friend sings like an angel.

2.6. My Dad is as brave as a lion.

2.7. State Farm: Like A Good Neighbor

3. Hyperbole

3.1. An exaggerated statement or claim that is not meant to be taken literally.

3.2. A writer can use a hyperbole to evoke deep emotion through exaggeration.

3.3. Hyperboles are typically very obvious, ask yourself: Is this possible? Could this actually happen?

3.4. I have a million things to do today.

3.5. His new car cost a bazillion dollars.

3.6. You could have knocked me over with a feather.

3.7. I am so hungry I could eat a horse.

4. Personification

4.1. A figure of speech in which an idea or thing is given human traits, feelings, or is spoken of as if it were human.

4.2. This can be used to exaggerate an event or to develop feeling and depth in your writing.

4.3. My heart danced when he walked in the room.

4.4. My alarm yelled at me this morning.

4.5. Unfortunately, when she stepped on the Lego, her foot cried.

4.6. The sun kissed my cheeks when I went outside.

5. Metaphors

5.1. A figure of speech used to compare one thing to another by DIRECTLY stating it.

5.2. Tells us that one thing is the same as another. They are not just alike - they are the same.

5.3. A metaphor does NOT use "LIKE" or "AS"

5.4. Laughter is the best medicine.

5.5. The computers at school are old dinosaurs.

5.6. Jamal was a pig at dinner.

5.7. My big brother is a couch potato.