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LOOP (CHAPTERS 2 & 3) by Mind Map: LOOP (CHAPTERS 2 & 3)

1. The struggle to earn a living wage

1.1. Gloria's life was transformed after being "empregada"

1.2. In the early 1990's Gloria's life was a struggle

1.3. Beth changed Gloria's life for the better

2. Poverty in Brazil and Rio De Janeiro

2.1. One of the more dramatic changes in Rio's demographics has been the increasing feminization of its workforce and the growing participation of children in the economy

3. Class, Culture, and the effects of Domination

3.1. Studies that have addressed domestic service in Brazil have mainly approached the dynamics of this relationship from an economic perspective and the entrapment of these women in the economy

4. From Slavery to Servitude

4.1. Gloria and Eliana joked about childhood as if it was in some distant and mythic past

5. Colonial Rio De Janeiro

5.1. One hears middle- and upper class Cariocas of all ages wax nostalgic about their favorite nanny or their favorite domestic worker

6. For the English to See

6.1. The modern art week stands out as a significant event and a moment when the ideas of "whitening " were in the process of transforming

7. Private and Public Spaces

7.1. Brazilian middle class apartment: the social area, the intimate area, and the service area

7.2. Gloria believed everyone should know how to cook

7.3. Gloria prerferred working for people who were stationed in the Zona Sul

7.4. Introduced Nilda: married well and able to afford an occasional empregada

8. Ambiguous Affections

8.1. Donna Beth helped Soneca in big ways

8.2. Many middle class and upper class Brazilians talk about their domestic workers with a mixture of love and appreciation

8.3. Cida is introduced and explained that she was not treated well and not treated like a daughter

9. The Euphrmization of Power Relations

9.1. The elites reinfored the sense that the poor ought to remain out of sight except when they are performing their roles as service workers

9.2. The effect of euphemizing discourses is that the privileged classes manage to convince themselves that their patronage is healthier for their servants

9.3. Bahia told stories of a male domestic worker who had worked for her family in various capacities and was also relocated with them

10. A Game of Signs: Cultural Capital and The Reproduction of Class

10.1. For Bourdieu, hegemonically constructed forms of cultural capital are a possession of the dominant cases and are acquired through the process of class production and reproduction

10.2. Lia is introduced as Renata's own domestic worker

10.3. Household is an individual level in creating both external signs and internalized notions of where one properly belongs

11. The limitations of academic capital

11.1. Do not send empregadas to the same school as their children

11.2. While education and class position are highly associated in Brazil, the educational structure is even more tightly restricted than the social structure

12. Muchachas no more

12.1. There are signs of resistance and a growing backlash against the most blatant holdovers of the kinds of relations associated within slavery

12.2. It is significant that at least some members of the generation are no longer willing to play into some of the more subtle relations of the domestic worker

13. The laughter of a community

13.1. Morals of the Brazilian telenovela

14. Race and Class in Brazil and the United States

14.1. North Americans readily engage in debates about forms of race-based affirmative action but rarely engage in debates about the possibility of class-based affirmative action

15. Female Fantasies of Seducing the Coroa

15.1. Cross-class and cross-color cases provide evidence that white men who prefer dark skinned women are not racist because they sexually desire dark-skinned women

16. A black cinderella?

16.1. Political Scientist, Michael Hanchard interprets this case as a, nail in the coffin, and the myth of racial democracy

16.2. Fry has a critique of Hanchard and it is based on the familiar Brazilian notion that Brazil is different and that Brazilians celebrate a color-blind sexuality

17. Representations and Commodifications of Black Bodies

17.1. The important traces of three Portuguese immigrants after their arrival in Brazil and their real life consequences

18. Brazilian Sexuality: History, Representation, and Scholarship

18.1. Brazil's erotic parade is celebrated

18.2. Freyre's imagery is in which lascivious women of color offer themselves to the white

19. Discourses (and silences) on Race

19.1. Many ambiguities involved in the sexualization of racialized bodies

20. Hierarchies of beauty and social mobility

20.1. Usually women is Gloria's network rose in social status only when they can sexually seduce a coroa

21. The Coroa and the ideology of whitening

21.1. The seduction of a lighter skinned man serves to empower in a culturally meaningful way

22. Two Kisses

22.1. The absence of kisses inspired talk of racism

23. Internalized Racism and Social Mobility

23.1. Gloria's jokes are her dissaproval of Roberto's choice of a sexual partner and color of skin of the partner

24. Black Cinderella and black consciousness politics

24.1. The idea that Brazil is a color-blind erotic democracy helps to mask and normalize everyday racism and internalized racism