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Ecology by Mind Map: Ecology

1. Environment

1.1. Biomes

1.1.1. Aquatic Freshwater Lakes and Ponds Streams and Rivers Springs Ephemeral ponds Euryhaline Saltwater Oceans Lakes

1.1.2. Terrestrial Arctic Taiga Tundra Glaciers/ice Temperate Desert Forests Chapparal Shrubland Grassland Tropical Wet forest Dry forest Cloud forest

1.2. Climate

1.2.1. Radiation Shortwave Direct Scattered Reflected Longwave

1.2.2. Precipitation Gradients Altitude Latitude Continental

1.2.3. Temperature Gradients Aquatic Terrestrial

1.2.4. Feedbacks positive negative

2. Organisms

2.1. Biological Hierarchy

2.1.1. Individuals Behavior Foraging Social Movement Thermoregulation Physiology Linked mass-energy budgets Morphology Body size Biomechanics Locomotion Life history Demography Quantitative genetics Allocation Life cycle

2.1.2. Populations Evolution Selection Genetic drift Gene flow Mutation Dynamics through time Theory Patterns Distributions through space Source-sink dynamics Fragmentation

2.1.3. Communities Stability Succession Disturbance Alternative community states Diversity Patterns Properties Interactions Competition Predation Mutualism Parasitism Disease

2.1.4. Ecosystems Processes Stoichiometry Material cycles Energy flow Services Pollination Water Degradation of materials

2.1.5. Biosphere

3. Economics & Society

3.1. Energy

3.1.1. Renewable Wind Solar Hydrogen Biological Algae Crops

3.1.2. Non-renewable Nuclear Uranium Plutonium Carbon-based Petrolium Natural gas Coal

3.2. Urban planning

3.2.1. Architecture

3.2.2. Engineering

3.2.3. Transportation

3.3. Biodiversity

3.3.1. Aesthetics/Biophilia

3.3.2. Ecosystem function

3.3.3. Resource management Restoration Preservation Invasives

3.4. Food and Agriculture

3.4.1. Transportation

3.4.2. Farming Land use Fertilizers Genetically modified organisms

3.5. Disease & Public health

3.5.1. Human Disease

3.5.2. Wildlife disease